The American Flag

On June 14th, 1777, the First Continental Congress passed an act that established an official flag for the United States of America. The flag had 13 stripes, one for each union (state). The stripes are red and white. It also had a blue rectangle in the top left corner with 13 stars in the shape of a circle.

From 1777-1960 Congress passed several acts that made changes to the design of the American flag. The American flag has changed over time because new states entered the union.

The American flag still has 13 horizontal stripes. There are seven red stripes and six white stripes. The red stripes and white stripes are alternating. The stripes still represent the 13 original colonies of the United States. Now, in the blue rectangle, there are 50 stars to represent the 50 states. The colors of the American flag are meaningful. The color red symbolizes hardiness and valor (bravery). The white symbolizes purity. The blue symbolizes vigilance, perseverance, and justice.

The American flag is referred to as “Old Glory.” In 1949, President Harry S. Truman officially declared June 14th as Flag Day.