Most verb (action word) tenses go by the same rule.
Future tense: word
Present tense: word+ing
Past tense: word+ed
Let’s look at the verb walk.
Future tense: walk
Present tense: walking
Past tense: walked
There are some exceptions to this rule, the exceptions are called irregular verbs.
The rule still works for the future and present tenses, but the past tenses are different.
Here is a list of common irregular verbs.