Free Lessons

A Goal

There are 3 meanings for the word goal. Personal meaning something that you are trying to do or achieve Example: He has set the goal of exercising 4 days a week. Her goal is to get a Master’s degree. Do you have any goals?   Sports meaning: An area or an object where a ball or puck enters to score points. Example: She kicked the ball into the goal. (Soccer reference)                  He threw the ball and it went straight through the goal. (Football reference) Her shot went straight into the goal. (Hockey reference)   Sports meaning The act of kicking, hitting, or throwing a ball or puck into a goal to Example: She scored the winning goal. The team is ahead by one goal.   The GOAL is to score a GOAL. There are 2 types of players on a football, hockey, and soccer team. Offensive players: Their goal is to score a goal in the other team’s goal. Defensive players: Their goal is to protect their goal, so the other team won’t score a goal.


Levels of Saying Good Job.  

You can always say “good job”. However, what if the person did better than a good job. You might want to use another word.   Trust me, the words make a difference. Saying “great job” means more than saying “good job”. Then, saying “excellent job”, means more than saying “great job”.   * ** *** good job job well job keep up the good work= continue to do a good job.  great awesome super fantastic fabulous wonderful excellent exceptional perfect      


The Winter Solstice

This year, the winter solstice is on December 21st. It is the first day of winter (for the U.S. and other countries in the Northern Hemisphere). It is the year’s shortest day and longest night. It is the day with the shortest amount of daylight/sunlight.   If people get depressed about the cold winter and lack of sunlight. We often think… “We just have to make it until December 20th/21st. Then, each day we will get one more minute of sunlight.”   Until, the summer solstice on June 20th or 21st, when it is the longest day of the year. The summer solstice is the day of the year with the longest amount of daylight/sunlight.   The winter and summer solstice may vary (change) from year to year, but only by a day or two.


Shut down/ shoot down an idea

To “shut down”/”Shoot down” an idea = to reject an idea   Future tense: shut Present tense: shutting Past tense: shut   Future tense: shoot Present tense: shooting Past tense: shot   Examples: He will probably shut down the idea. He keeps shutting down her ideas. He shot down all of Mike’s ideas. Let’s not shoot down the idea before we hear it. Don’t be upset, he shoots down everyone’s ideas.


Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving is a U.S. holiday that celebrates and remembers the Pilgrims and the Native Americans. First, a little history lesson… The Pilgrims were a group of about 100 people that left England because of religious persecution. The Pilgrims sailed to the New World (United States of America) in their boat called the Mayflower. They planned to go to Virginia, but they went off course and landed at Plymouth Rock in 1620. The Pilgrims were starving and did not know how to grow food in the new land. A group of Native American Indians called the Wampanoag Indians taught the Pilgrims how to grow food. In the fall of 1621, the Pilgrims held (had) a three-day feast called Thanksgiving and invited the Native American Indians to give thanks for a successful harvest with plenty (lots) of food to survive the winter. The Pilgrims and the Native Americans did not share the same religious views, but they celebrated the harvest they had. Thanksgiving is an interfaith holiday; a holiday that people of all different faiths celebrate. Thanksgiving is about being thankful for what we have.   Thanksgiving is celebrated on the third Thursday of November. It is a federal holiday; all banks, schools, and federal offices are closed. Most businesses are closed for Thanksgiving.   How do people celebrate Thanksgiving? (What do people do on Thanksgiving?) The most common tradition, is family and friends gather for a big meal. Most often turkey is severed, with many different side dishes. Typical side dishes are, stuffing, mashed potatoes, cranberry sauce, sweet potatoes or yams, corn, carrots, broccoli, brussels sprouts, green beans, cornbread or rolls. For dessert, there is often pie. The most common pie is apple pie, pumpkin pie, and pecan pie. However, there can be blueberry pie, peach pie, coconut custard, etc.  …


Pet Peeve

A pet peeve is something particular that a person finds annoying. People usually start a sentence like… My biggest pet peeve is __________. (The one thing that drives you crazy, when people do it.)   Some of people’s biggest pet peeves are… chewing loudly chewing with your mouth open people who are late smoking and vaping cut in line tailgating people that talk during movies lending someone something and never getting it back grooming in public places when people say “no offense”


 Frugal & Thrifty    &    Cheap & Stingy   

FRUGAL: When a person is careful how they spend their money because they don’t have a lot of money. They are frugal when they grocery shop. She has to be frugal; she doesn’t make much money. THRIFTY: You get creative with how you spend your money. Thrift shop/Thrift store =Goodwill He is the sole provider for the family, so they have to be thrifty with their money. She is thrifty; she checks the newspapers for coupons every week.   CHEAP: When someone is cheap, it is a negative connotation, saying they won’t part with a little amount of money. They are He is cheap, he refused to pay a fair price for good quality work. STINGY: “Can’t part with” (Can’t spend/give away) a cent/penny. He is stingy, refuses to pay extra for that service. They have so much money, but they are very stingy.


Dare

The word dare has a few different meanings and can be used in different ways. Verb meanings: To have the courage to do something. To disobey or challenge someone Examples: I dare you to go over there and talk to him. She wouldn’t dare ask him for a favor. She doesn’t dare disagree with them. He wouldn’t dare talk about his problems. Don’t you dare ask him, his “plate is already full” (the person is occupied with many things).     Noun meaning: a challenge Examples: It is a dare. They dared him to streak (run naked).     The game: Truth or Dare There is a game called Truth or Dare. It is when a group of people get together. One by one, someone asks another person “Truth or Dare” If the person says “truth”, they have to honestly answer the question that is asked. If the person says “dare”, they have to complete the dare told to them.  


I Overheard…

When you overhear something, it means to hear people talking about something, but you’re not involved in the conversation. Examples: I overheard the waiter tell the table next to us that they are out of salmon. I overheard them talking yesterday about eliminating positions.


City, Suburb, Countryside, or Rural

Remote area: an area that is far from the city or places where most people live, often difficult to get to. Other words with the same meaning: secluded, isolated   Phrases about the city, suburbs, countryside, or a rural area “In the middle of nowhere” = a place far from other people, homes, businesses, cities, etc. Example: They live in the middle of nowhere.   “In the sticks” = in an area where there is lots of forest and woods Example: Their house is out in the sticks.   “In the boondocks” = to live along (far) away from town or civilization. Example: This place is out in the boondocks.   “God-knows where”: A place that people may not know its location. Example: God-knows where it is located.   “backwoods”: A wooded area that is far away from the city. Example: The bar is located in some backwoods area.   “In a backwater”: A place where there is no development or progress happening. Example: They live in some backwater town.   Terms Used to Talk About People from the city and countryside/ rural areas.   “City slicker”: Used by people who live in the countryside/a rural area to describe a person who is from the city. Example: We don’t like city slicker’s like you coming around here trying to buy farmland to then build condos.   “Country bumpkin”: An insult for a person who lives in the countryside and the person is thought to not be intelligent or educated. Example: Just because he is wearing overalls, doesn’t mean he is a country bumpkin.   “hick”: An offensive word used to refer to someone who has always lived in the country/countryside and does not know about “city life” (living in a city). Example:  Just because they own a farm, does not…