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Designated Driver

A designated driver is a person who doesn’t drink alcohol so that they can drive after others have been drinking. The person stays sober. Many times, when people go out in a group to a restaurant, bar, club, or have a “night on the town” someone in the group offers or agrees to be the designated driver. They don’t drink any alcohol and they drive the car. Everyone else I the group rides in the car. Example: Tom and a group of his friends go out every Thursday night. Each week they take turns being the designated driver. This week Andy is the designated driver. When the waitress came to the table to take their drink order, Tom and the other guys ordered a beer. Andy asked for a soda.   Have you ever been a designated driver? Would you agree to be the designated driver?


The Check (bill) & the Tip

The Check: In a restaurant, the bill is a list of each item (food & drinks) that you ordered, and the cost/charge of each item. Most people call the bill “the check”. Using the word “check” will may you sound 100% American! Example: Can I have the check? This lets the waiter/waitress know you would like to pay the bill and leave. Then, they will bring you the check.   The Tip: The amount of money you leave after receiving a service, like being served in a restaurant. In the United States, the typical custom is to tip (gratuity) 15-20% of your bill. It is usually rounded up to the nearest dollar. Example: Like in the photo below, the bill looks like it was $20. The person left a $4 tip. If you’re in a restaurant and you pay with cash and you are going to give the waiter/waitress the amount of the check and the tip together. You are not expecting any more back. You can hand the waiter/waitress the money and say, “I don’t need any change.” This, lets them know you are paying the bill and the rest of the money is their tip.   If you are paying with a credit card, there is a section to add/write in the tip ad you add the total amount, letting the restaurant know, the amount you are authorizing your card to be charged.   If you are worried about trying to calculate the tip. Here is a trick! Round up the amount to the nearest dollar. Then, double the amount. Move the decimal place to the left to get the tip. Example: The bill is $49.75. Round the amount up to the nearest dollar. $50.00 Double the amount. $100.00 Move the decimal (.) over 1 place to the…


Are you an Early Bird or a Night Owl?

Early Bird: a person who wakes up early in the morning. People who have a natural habit of waking up early.  Example: He has always been an early bird.   Night Owl: A person who goes to sleep very late. People who have the habit of staying up late at night or until the early hours of the morning. Example: She is a night owl; she usually goes to sleep after midnight.   I am a ____________________.


“Keep Up”

Keep up is a phrasal verb. Keep up means to move or progress at the same rate as someone or something else. to continue the course of action. to maintain a relationship with someone.   Keep up in the context of moving or progress at the same rate as someone or something else.  He needs to run faster, so he can keep up with the group. Tim needs to sell more cars this month to keep up with Maxine’s sales.   Keep up in the context of continuing the course of action. Keep up the good work. If you keep up the good work, they will promote you.   Keep up in the context of maintaining a relationship with someone. It is important to keep up a friendship, you can do this by calling or texting your friends to check on them. We meet once a month for dinner to keep up our friendship.  


Surrendering A Baby (Newborn under 30 days old)

**This is not professional legal advice and laws may change from state to state** In the U.S. (in most states), you can surrender (give away) a newborn baby (under 30 days old) at any hospital emergency room. It is not illegal. You will not be arrested. This is due to (because) of Safe Haven Laws   You can walk into any emergency room at a hospital and give the baby to a nurse. You do not need to stay. Yes, the hospital will want you to stay, but you are free to leave. You do not have to answer any questions that you do not want to. The hospital will want to get information from you about yourself or the baby. You can stay to give in the information or leave.   The hospital CANNOT call the police. The hospital only wants your information to see if they can help you or to know about the baby. To know the baby’s name, date of birth, health information. YOU CAN’T BE ARRESTED for surrendering a baby under 30 days at a hospital emergency room. https://www.usatoday.com/story/life/parenting/2019/09/13/safe-haven-laws-things-you-didnt-know-surrendering-newborn/2031516001/ https://portal.ct.gov/-/media/DCF/Prevention/PDF/SafeHavenEngpdf.pdf Again, this is not professional legal advice.


What does it mean to “HOOK-UP”?

It depends on what we talking about the noun hook-up or verb “Hook-up”. The NOUN: hook up a hook up is a connection to something, like electric, water, or a sewer line/ For example: Here are the “hook-ups” for a washing machine.   The VERB “HOOKUP” To connect something. Example: We are hooking up the water today. A sexual encounter In today’s world, a “hookup” is a casual sexual encounter between two people that are not in a relationship. It is most often sex between two people that are not dating. A hookup usually refers to some type of sexual activity; kissing, sexual touch, oral sex, sex, etc.   In the U.S. many people (most often young people) have the hookup culture mindset. A “one-night stand” is when you have sex with a person and you never see them again. Many people hook up with people from school, work, or someone they met on social media or dating apps. There are apps that are just for hookups.


How to Find FREE English Classes for Adults in the U.S.

First, you must know that English classes are often referred to as ESL classes ESL means English as a Second Language. Many places say ELL classes (English Learner Learner) classes.   Every city or town has free (school) for children Kindergarten-12th grade. Usually, each city/town has its own school district. For example, Boston has the Boston School District. The school districts are usually called, (city/town name) Public Schools. For example, Boston Public Schools   Your local district/ __________ Public Schools most likely offers free Adult Education classes.   You should contact your local public school’s main/central office. It is usually in or near the City/Town Hall (the building where all city/town offices are) You can also do this by going to Google and searching for “Your city/town name public schools” “Your city/town name public schools’ adult education” Then, ask if they have free ESL classes. Most likely they do and if they do not, they will tell you where to go.   Or, you can call  any local public school and they will tell you who to contact. Just ask, where can I find, “free adult English classes” or “free adult ESL classes.”   In the US, parents pay nothing for their children to attend public schools. There are no school fees, no book fees, etc. Also, parents can apply for their children to receive free lunch at school. Sometimes there is a free breakfast program too. Likewise, adult education programs are usually free. Especially the English classes.


How to Write an Email

It is very important to know how to write an email in English. We always start the email with Dear to be formal. You can say Hi to be informal. Line 1: Dear (name of the person), Make sure you always put a comma after the person’s name. Line 2: Your message, what you want to say. On a new line say something like… Thank you. Thank you for your time. Have a good day. Talk soon. I look forward to your response.  On a new line say: Sincerely, (Don’t forget the comma) On a new line (the last line) write/type YOUR NAME.    See my sample email below.   Dear Mr. Rhodes,  Thank you for reading my blog. I hope you enjoy it. Have a good day. Sincerely,   Gabriella


Pharmacies in the U.S.

The pharmacies in the U.S. are big stores. At the pharmacy can get… Prescription medication Over-the-counter medication (medication that doesn’t need a prescription.) Health items Vitamins First aid items (bandages, etc.) Many other things Personal products (shampoo, conditioner, lotion, etc.) Cards Makeup Cleaning products Candy Juice Soda Chips Milk Eggs There are usually seasonal/holiday sections for Valentine’s Day, Easter, Christmas, etc.   Some of the biggest pharmacies in the US are CVS, Rite Aid, & Walgreens.


Tax Season

Tax season is upon us. Most people pay 4 types of taxes that are listed on their paycheck Federal Tax (tax paid to the government) State tax (tax paid to the state you live in) Social Security Tax Medicare Tax Social Security and Medicare are associated with the federal government.   The most important fact is that American’s have to pay federal and state taxes every year. When you get a job, you fill out (complete) a W-4 tax form. It asks you certain questions. Based on the questions, the state and federal governments withhold (hold) money from your paycheck every time you get paid. The withholdings (the money) go to the state and federal government. You are paying taxes from your paycheck each week or biweekly so that you don’t have to pay the government a large amount at the end of the year. If you are self-employed, you have to pay your taxes quarterly (4 times a year).   Federal tax rates are based on income. The federal government has tax brackets; categories of tax percentage based on income. Often, the higher the income, the more tax a person pays. State taxes is typically a certain percentage for all people   In the U.S., American’s must file their taxes by April 15th. For the tax year 2020; January 1, 2020-December 31, 2020, American’s have until April 15, 2021, to file their taxes with the federal government and their state government.   To file your taxes means completing a 1040 form and mail it to the federal government.   American’s often use the verb “do” when they talk about their taxes. For example, I need to do my taxes. That means gathering their W-2 (a statement employers give employees to show home much they were paid and how many…